java多线程与高并发怎么一起实现?

TheDisguiser 2020-08-20 17:32:39 java常见问答 6105

多线程高并发是近些年互联网的一大进步之一,小伙伴们知道多线程与高并发要怎么一起实现吗?下面小编就给大家讲解讲解。

后端测试代码:

import java.text.NumberFormat;
import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentHashMap;
import java.util.concurrent.CountDownLatch;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutorService;
import java.util.concurrent.Executors;
import com.dima.web.utils.HttpClientUtil;
/**
 * java模拟多线程高并发
 * @author Administrator
 *
 */
public class MultiThreadProxyHubApiTest
{
    static int count = 0;
    // 总访问量是clientNum,并发量是threadNum
    int threadNum = 4;
    int clientNum = 20000;
    float avgExecTime = 0;
    float sumexecTime = 0;
    long firstExecTime = Long.MAX_VALUE;
    long lastDoneTime = Long.MIN_VALUE;
    float totalExecTime = 0;
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        new MultiThreadProxyHubApiTest()
            .run();
        System.out.println("finished!");
    }
    public void run()
    {
        final ConcurrentHashMap < Integer, ThreadRecord > records = new ConcurrentHashMap < Integer, ThreadRecord > ();
        // 建立ExecutorService线程池,threadNum个线程可以同时访问
        ExecutorService exec = Executors.newFixedThreadPool(threadNum);
        // 模拟clientNum个客户端访问
        final CountDownLatch doneSignal = new CountDownLatch(clientNum);
        for (int i = 0; i < clientNum; i++)
        {
            Runnable run = new Runnable()
            {
                public void run()
                {
                    int index = getIndex();
                    long systemCurrentTimeMillis = System.currentTimeMillis();
                    try
                    {
                        String sendGet = HttpClientUtil.sendGet("http://localhost:8080/Dima3773Web/Simulate", "");
                        System.out.println(System.currentTimeMillis() + sendGet);
                    }
                    catch (Exception e)
                    {
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                    records.put(index, new ThreadRecord(systemCurrentTimeMillis, System.currentTimeMillis()));
                    doneSignal.countDown(); // 每调用一次countDown()方法,计数器减1
                }
            };
            exec.execute(run);
        }
        try
        {
            // 计数器大于0 时,await()方法会阻塞程序继续执行
            doneSignal.await();
        }
        catch (InterruptedException e)
        {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        /**
         * 获取每个线程的开始时间和结束时间
         */
        for (int i: records.keySet())
        {
            ThreadRecord r = records.get(i);
            sumexecTime += ((double)(r.endTime - r.startTime)) / 1000;
            if (r.startTime < firstExecTime)
            {
                firstExecTime = r.startTime;
            }
            if (r.endTime > lastDoneTime)
            {
                this.lastDoneTime = r.endTime;
            }
        }
        this.avgExecTime = this.sumexecTime / records.size();
        this.totalExecTime = ((float)(this.lastDoneTime - this.firstExecTime)) / 1000;
        NumberFormat nf = NumberFormat.getNumberInstance();
        nf.setMaximumFractionDigits(4);
        System.out.println("======================================================");
        System.out.println("线程数量:\t\t" + threadNum);
        System.out.println("客户端数量:\t" + clientNum);
        System.out.println("平均执行时间:\t" + nf.format(this.avgExecTime) + "秒");
        System.out.println("总执行时间:\t" + nf.format(this.totalExecTime) + "秒");
        System.out.println("吞吐量:\t\t" + nf.format(this.clientNum / this.totalExecTime) + "次每秒");
    }
    public static int getIndex()
    {
        return ++count;
    }
}
class ThreadRecord
{
    long startTime;
    long endTime;
    public ThreadRecord(long st, long et)
    {
        this.startTime = st;
        this.endTime = et;
    }
}

服务端servlet处理

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.PrintWriter;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.ServletResponse;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
/**
 * java模拟多线程高并发--模拟服务器servlet
 */
public class SimulateServserServlet extends HttpServlet
{
    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1 L;
    public SimulateServserServlet()
    {
        super();
    }
    protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException
    {
        String content = "测试数据";
        System.out.println(System.currentTimeMillis() + "\t" + request.getRequestURL());
        outPrintContent(response, content);
    }
    protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException
    {
        doGet(request, response);
    }
    /**
     * 返回输出 @Title: outPrintContent @Description: TODO @param @param
     * content @param @param response 设定参数 @return void 返回类型 @throws
     */
    public static void outPrintContent(ServletResponse response, String content)
    {
        response.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8");
        response.setContentType("text/html;charset=UTF-8");
        PrintWriter out = null;
        try
        {
            out = response.getWriter();
            out.print(content);
            out.flush();
        }
        catch (IOException e)
        {
            System.out.println("outprint content error : " + e);
        }
        finally
        {
            if (null != out)
            {
                out.close();
            }
        }
    }
}

以上就是今天的全部内容,如果还有一些不懂的java编程常见问题,可以来我们网站寻找答案。

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